The Association of Administrators of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (AAICPC) was established in 1974 and consists of members from all 50 states, the District of Columbia and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The AAICPC has authority under ICPC to "promulgate rules and regulations to carry out more effectively the terms and provisions of this compact." The AAICPC obtains its Secretariat Services, as an affiliate of the American Public Human Services Association (APHSA).
For more information, please visit the AAICPC website.
American Public Human Services Association
1133 Nineteenth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036
fax: (202) 289-6555
Web Manager: Carla Fults [email@example.com]
California permits the following types of adoptions in addition to public adoptions:
Adoption Statute-Non-Agency; Independent; Private Adoptions:
Public Adoptive Placement-Requirements:
California Code of Regulations, Title 22, Division 2, Chapter 3, Subchapter 5-Agency Adoptions.
Adoption assistance payments begin:
Sending State Adoption Subsidy Payments (Guidelines):
California definition of "Special Needs":
Welfare and Institutions Code section 16120 (a)-(c) defines special needs. Special needs child means a child for whom all the following are true.
(a) It has been determined that the child cannot or should not be returned to the home of his or her parents, as evidenced by a petition for termination of parental rights, a court order terminating parental rights, a signed relinquishment or in the case of a tribal customary adoption, if the court has given full faith and credit to a tribal customary adoption order as provided for pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (e) of Section 366.26.
(b) The child has at least one of the following characteristics that is a barrier to his or her adoption:
(1) Adoptive placement without financial assistance is unlikely because of membership in a sibling group that should remain intact, or by virtue of race, ethnicity, color, language, age of three years or older, or parental background of a medical or behavioral nature that can be determined to adversely affect the development of the child.
(2) Adoptive placement without financial assistance is unlikely because the child has a mental, physical, emotional, or medical disability that has been certified by a licensed professional competent to make an assessment and operating within the scope of his or her profession. This paragraph shall also apply to children with a developmental disability as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 4512 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, including those determined to require out-of-home nonmedical care as described in Section 11464 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(c) The need for adoption subsidy is evidenced by an unsuccessful search for an adoptive home to take the child without financial assistance, as documented in the case file of the prospective adoptive child. The requirement for this search shall be waived when it would be against the best interest of the child because of the existence of significant emotional ties with prospective adoptive parents while in the care of these persons as a foster child.
Adoption may be finalized in another state:
Before finalization can occur in California, child must be in adoptive placement:
***Note these exceptions apply to all agency adoptive placements, including relative adoptive placements.
The agency shall supervise the adoptive placement for a period of six months except in any of the following circumstances:
(1) The prospective adoptive parent had an approved assessment and successfully completed the adoption of another child in California within the past five years and the placement was supervised by an agency.
(2) The prospective adoptive parent is commissioned or enlisted in the military service, or auxiliary of the United States, or is engaged in service on behalf of any governmental entity of the United States, or employed by the American Red Cross, or in any other recognized charitable or religious organization, whereas, completion of the six month supervisory period would delay completion of an adoption which the agency has determined should be completed.
(3) The child to be adopted is a foster child of the prospective adoptive parent whose foster care placement has been supervised by an agency before the signing of the adoptive placement agreement in which case the supervisory period may be shortened by one month for each full month that the child has been in foster care with the family.
(A) If the placement of a child was a voluntary foster care arrangement with no supervision by an agency, the adoptive placement shall be subject to a full six-month period of supervision that shall begin at the time the adoptive placement agreement is signed.
(4) The child to be adopted was a foster child placed with a relative or a relative of the child’s half sibling whose foster care placement has been supervised by an agency before the signing of the adoptive placement agreement in which case the supervisory period may be shortened by one month for each full month that the child has been in foster care with the relative.
Statutory code/cite for Adoption Petition:
Family Code sections 8714 (a)-(f) for public and private agency adoptions. Family Code section 8802 for independent adoptions. Family Code section 8912 for intercountry adoptions.
Court Jurisdiction for Adoption Cases:
California Superior Court (Family Code section 200)
Home Study (Adoptions)
Statutory code/cite for the Adoptive Home Studies:
Family Code section 8621 provides the authority to establish regulations governing adoptions in California. California Code of Regulations (CCR) Title 22, Subchapter 5, section 35180 for agency adoptions. CCR, Title 22, Subchapter 6 for inter-country adoptions. CCR, Title 22, Subchapter 4 for independent adoptions.